Groundwater in Fuxin, Liaoning Province has been green for 20 years
Release date: November 5, 2019 14:45:33
On June 24, the villagers of Fuxian County, Liaoning Province, showed their green power. Shen Jizhong
Due to the development of agate dyeing and processing industry in many villages of Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County, Liaoning Province, groundwater has been polluted for more than 20 years. Many villagers have been "buying water" and "borrowing water" for a long time. However, local town government officials have refused to let the villagers out of the village by saying "who pollutes, who will treat".
Villagers dare not water vegetables
A few days ago, the reporter came to nalixiao village, Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County. Lu Yajie, a 61 year old villager, turned on the water pump. The more water there was, the darker the color. "It's been more than ten years since I've been drinking well water." LV Yajie said, "I dare not take this water to pour vegetables." Some villagers joked: "the color of well water is like green tea, which can be sold directly as a drink in a mineral water bottle."
In the villager Liu Zhiyou's house, the well water is darker in color. Liu Zhiyou said he had to walk a few miles every day to "borrow water" from a neighboring village. "In recent years, some unpolluted villages have begun to pump well water to our village to sell, 2 yuan for 100 Jin."
Liu Hong, director of the nalixiao village committee, said that there were 260 households and more than 1000 people in the village. In recent years, the higher authorities have raised funds to install tap water for the villagers, "each household charged 500 yuan, and each household charged 20 yuan per month after water supply." At present, about 70% of the households in the village have access to tap water, and some poor families are still eating well water because they can not afford to raise funds.
Agate dyeing workshop
A ditch in the west end of the village was filled with cartons with the words "chemical reagent". The yellow brown sewage was mixed with bottles of chemicals, large and small. Around the ditch, there are several agate processing enterprises. Villagers said that these enterprises are mainly engaged in the grinding and dyeing of agate raw stones, and most of the production sewage is dumped into rivers and ditches. The reporter came to an agate processing factory, where there was a pile of polished agate in the yard. A person in charge of the factory said that these agates were transported from other places and then transported to the market, "we don't do dyeing."
In the middle of the yard, there are more than a dozen big blue plastic buckets. The person in charge said it was a pickle jar for pickles. But when the reporter opened the lid of the barrel, a strong smell of chemical water came. Instead of salted vegetables, the barrel contained white agate raw stones of the same size soaked in yellow brown potions. "Be careful, these potions are poisonous!" The head of the factory said.
A villager said that he had also done agate dyeing business before. The main chemical materials used for agate dyeing were silver sulfate, iron sulfate, etc. The dyed water is called "medicine soup" by local people. Most of the water is poured into the ground at will. "We usually get rid of the brand name on the medicine bottle and find a ditch to dispose of the bottle."
Hexavalent chromium over 30 times may cause cancer
Pei Jingyi, director of the Environmental Protection Bureau of Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County, said that in 2006, the Environmental Protection Bureau extracted water samples from 49 wells in several villages, including nalishan village. The results showed that the highest hexavalent chromium exceeded the standard by 125 times and the highest chloride exceeded the standard by 3.73 times. After several years of environmental treatment, the data in 2012 showed that the highest hexavalent chromium exceeded the standard by 30.46 times, and the maximum chloride exceeded the standard by 1.51 times. Hexavalent chromium is a kind of ingestion poison / inhalation extreme poison, skin contact may lead to sensitivity; it is more likely to cause genetic defects, which may cause cancer by inhalation, and has long-term risk to the environment.
Environmental Protection Bureau: it is difficult to supervise villagers' private processing
Liu Hong, director of nalixiao village committee, said that since the late 1980s, nalixiao village has become one of the earliest local villages to develop agate coloring technology. At most, hundreds of families engaged in agate dyeing and processing, causing serious groundwater pollution. He had asked the relevant leaders in the town and county for many times, but the other party replied: whoever pollutes will be responsible for the treatment. These historical problems cannot be solved by the government.
Pei Jingyi, director of the Environmental Protection Bureau of Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County, said that since 2005, relevant departments in the county and town successively banned some agate dyeing and processing workshops, and the underground water quality has improved. At present, there are still some villagers processing privately. Pei Jingyi said that the Environmental Protection Bureau has limited manpower and is difficult to supervise. Asked how the local water quality can change from green to clear, Pei Jingyi said: "it is difficult to get immediate results in a short time. It may take a long time to change the status quo."
Source: Beijing News